What is Dysgraphia?
Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder characterized by writing disabilities.
Specifically, the disorder causes a person's writing to be distorted or incorrect. In children, the disorder generally emerges when they are first introduced to writing. They make inappropriately sized and spaced letters, or write wrong or misspelled words, even thorough instruction has been provided.
Children with the disorder may have other learning disabilities; however, they usually have no social or other academic problems. Cases of Dysgraphia in adults generally occur after some trauma. In addition to poor handwriting, Dysgraphia is characterized by wrong or odd spelling, and production of words that are not correct (i.e., using "boy" for "child"). The cause of the disorder is unknown, but in adults, it is usually associated with damage to the parietal lobe of the brain.

Is there any treatment?
Treatment for Dysgraphia varies and may include treatment for motor disorders to help control writing movements. Other treatments may address impaired memory or other neurological problems. Some physicians recommend that individuals with Dysgraphia use computers to avoid the problems of handwriting.

Links on Dysgraphia:
Margaret J. Kay's web site on Dysgraphia, Renee M. Newman
Columbia University Health Services
West Virginia University, Learning Disabilities
National Institute of Neurological Disorders

Books and Articles
Deuel, R.K. (1994). Developmental dysgraphia and motor skill disorders. 
Journal of Child Neurology, 10
(1), 6-8.

Graves, D. (1983). Writing: Teachers and children at Work.  NH: Heinemann

Hanbury-King, D. (1987). Keyboarding skills for all the grades. MA: Educators Publishing.

Majsterek, D.J. (1990). Writing disabilities:  Is word processing the answer?
Intervention in School and Clinic, 26 (2), 93-97.

Stein, M., Dixon, R.C., & Isaacson, S. (1994). Effective writing instruction for diverse learners.
School Psychology Review, 23 (3), 392-405.

Cavey, Diane Walton, (2000). Dysgraphia Why Johnny Can?t Write,
a Handbook for Teachers and Parents.  Pro-ed an International Publisher.

Richards, G. Regina and Richards, Eli I. (2000) Eli 
The Boy Who Hated to Write, Understanding Dysgraphia. RET Center Press.

Berninger, Virginia W. and Wolf, Beverly J. (2009).
Teaching Students with Dyslexia ad Dysgraphia, Lessons from Teaching and Science. 
Paul H. Brooks Publishing

Parker, James N. and Parker, Philip M. (2002)
The Official Parent?s Sourcebook on Dysgraphia.  ICON Health Publications


DSF Literacy and Clinical Services


Experience Project.  “I have dysgraphia”

©2009 Christopher's Way Foundation